4 views of Revelation that most have never heard about

by George C Duke

In order for you to better understand the teaching on Historicism I would like to let you know about all 4 major teachings of prophecy or the 4 Views of Revelation. If you ask most people — Christian or non-Christian — what they think the book of Revelation is about, the chances are they will tell you it is a book about the “end of the world.”  Most people have never heard any other way to understand this book filled with strange beasts, symbolism and ominous signs of doom. Most people are unaware that there is any other way to understand this mysterious last book of the Bible. Since most such as I, were only taught one interpretation we find it difficult to accept any other interpretation. Many can become hostile when one even presents another view. I did. But the futurist view (that Revelation is predicting events yet to be fulfilled) is only one of four traditional Christian ways of looking at the Bible’s book of prophesy. Please open you mind and heart as you study these 4 views

1- Preterist. Most prophecies in the book of Revelation were fulfilled during the time of the Roman Empire. The term preterism can describe 1) A belief that the text is not inspired prophecy, but is rather a description of certain historical events amidst apocalyptic imagery.

2) A belief that the prophecies of the book are divinely inspired and were fulfilled mostly in the first centuries after Christ.

The first type of preterist, advocates a later writing of the book of Revelation (A.D. 95), and while accepting the historical reality of certain events in the text, believes John’s apocalyptic visions were never, and will never be, fulfilled.

The second type of preterist, believes in an early writing of the book (before A.D. 70). Those who advocate this view point out the correspondence between Revelation and the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. They point to Revelation 1:1, 19, which says that the

Predicted events must “shortly come to pass.” They also point to Jesus’ Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24) as primarily being fulfilled with the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans in A.D. 70. Most conservative preterits’ allow, however, that the last chapters of Revelation describe the Second Coming of Christ.

2- Historicist. The prophecies have been fulfilled throughout history and are still being fulfilled today. While this interpretation is not widely in use today, those who have been steeped in popular futurist views are often surprised to learn that most of the classic

Commentaries from a century or more ago are written from a historicist viewpoint. Many of

the great leaders of the Reformation and later also held to this view: Wycliffe, Knox, Tyndale, Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Melanchthon, Newton, Huss, Foxe, Wesley, Edwards, Whitfield and Finney.

According to historicists, Revelation is a kind of survey of church history, with historical events symbolically portrayed. Historicists believe that exact time periods are specified, assuming that each day specified in the text equals a year in real time. The challenge for historicists has been to align actual events with the details in the text (an approach shared by preterists and futurists). This requires large amounts of conjecture, and the flexibility to

revise interpretations in light of ongoing world events. Another prominent feature of Protestant historicism is its belief that the Antichrist of Revelation refers to the Papacy. For this reason, some die-hard historicists assert that all other interpretations of Revelation are satanic inspired attempts to obscure the Antichrist’s true identity.

In any case, historicism has fallen out of vogue. Critics point out that it has not kept up with history much past the 14th century and that it is Eurocentric — not recognizing more recent and significant developments in the church in other parts of the world.

3- Futurist. Most prophecies beyond Revelation 3 are yet to be fulfilled.

This is the view held by most contemporary North American evangelical writers and teachers. Somewhat ironically, futurism was originated in 1585 by Francisco Ribeira, a Spanish Jesuit priest, for the purpose of refuting the historicist views of the Protestant reformers and it appears to have succeeded.

The most popular version of futurism today is dispensationalist, which has only been around since 1830, when J.N. Darby began teaching his ideas of a secret Rapture of the church (Revelation 4:1) followed by a tribulation period, and a 1,000-year rule of Christ. Futurists tend to take a literal view of the book of Revelation. Since futurists believe that few, if any, of the events from chapters 4-22 of Revelation have taken place, it is easy for them to assert that most of these prophecies are to be taken literally, this literal interpretation of the highly symbolic book of Revelation ignores the style of writing God inspired John to use. Revelation is prophecy, letter and apocalyptic — with the apocalyptic style predominating. Apocalyptic style was well known at the time John wrote, using cryptic meanings and symbolic images. Above all, apocalyptic literature is born of immediate persecution and oppression and anticipates the final triumph of good over evil.

Disregarding the language God inspires to convey his message, futurists conveniently avoid having their “this is going to happen in the near future” approach tested by historical events.  Dispensationalists, in particular, can prognosticate freely with the confidence that they will be raptured before the bulk of Revelation is fulfilled and will not be around on earth to be embarrassed by any inaccuracies in their predictions.

4- Allegory or Spiritual (or Symbolic or Idealist). Most prophecies portray the ongoing cosmic conflict of spiritual realities and may have many fulfillments throughout history.

This actually represents a variety of approaches that look for lessons or principles — often recurrent in history — symbolically depicted in Revelation. Noting the apocalyptic style in which the book is written, this interpretation sees the central theme as the triumph of good over evil, of Christ over Satan The obvious advantage of this view is that there is no need to match events described in the book to real events. The disadvantage is that the book of Revelation itself claims to predict certain specific events

In determining what you will believe on the interpretation of the book of Revelation Please consider after much prayer and study of the scriptures whether these were fulfilled in Christ while he was here on the earth. As prophecy does not determine your salvation then do not allow your belief to cause division between you and your brethren. It is not a salvation issue. The most important thing is for you to be ready when he calls you home. Obey Acts 2:38 and keep on holding on.  Remember the scripture that Isaac Newton believed strongly in. John 14:29 I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it come to pass you might believe.



The Historic Interpretation

The Historic Interpretation composed & edited by George Duke

This study demonstrates that AD History can be found encoded in the prophetic verses of Revelation.

Most people view the Apocalypse of John as a prophecy about some terrifying events that will take place sometime in the future. We must understand that this futuristic teaching emanated from the Roman Catholic Church. Two Jesuit Priests Francisco Ribera and Cardinal Robert Bellarmine used it to counteract the teachings of the Reformation where the Reformists beleived that Rome and the Pope were the Anti-Christ. During the reformation Rome was losing so many converts daily that something had to be done to stem the flow. Hence
Francisco Ribera(1537-1591) was a Jesuit doctor of theology, born in Spain, who began writing a lengthy commentary in 1585 on the book of Revelation (Apocalypse) titled I n Sacrum Beati Ioannis Apostoli, & Evangelistiae Apocalypsin Commentarij, and published it about the year 1590. He died in 1591 at the age of fifty-four, so he was not able to expand on his work or write any other commentaries on Revelation. In order to remove the Catholic Church from consideration as the antichrist power, Ribera proposed that the first few chapters of the Apocalypse applied to ancient pagan Rome, and the rest he limited to a yet future period of 3 1/2 literal years, immediately prior to the second coming. During that time, the Roman Catholic Church would have fallen away from the pope into apostasy. Then, he proposed,the antichrist, a single individual,would:, Persecute and blaspheme the saints of God., Rebuild the temple in Jerusalem., Abolish the Christian religion., Deny Jesus Christ., Be received by the Jews., Pretend to be God., Kill the two witnesses of God., and Conquer the world.
Cardinal Robert Bellarmine,one of the best known Jesuit apologists, published a work between 1581 and 1593, in which he also denied the day = year principle in prophecy and pushed the reign of antichrist into a future period of 3 1/2 literal years. Since it is well documented that this teaching emanated from the RCC then why and how did it gain so much support by present day Protestants and Pentecostals?
Manuel De Lacunza(1731–1801), a Jesuit from Chile, wrote a manuscript in Spanish titledLa Venida del Mesias en Gloria y Magestad(“The Coming of the Messiah in Glory and Majesty”), under the pen name of Juan Josafa [Rabbi] Ben-Ezra about 1791. Lacunza wrote under an assumed Jewish name to obscure the fact that he was a Catholic, in order to give his book better acceptance in Protestantism, his intended audience. Also an advocate of Futurism, Lacunza was deliberately attempting to take the pressure off the papacy by proposing that the Antichrist was still off in the future. His manuscript was published in London, Spain, Mexico and Parisbetween 1811 and 1826
Edward Irving(1792-1834), a Scottish Presbyterian and forerunner of the Pentecostal and Charismatic movements, translated Lacunza’s work from Spanish into English in a book titledThe Coming of Messiah in Glory and Majesty with a Preliminary Discourse,publishedin London in 1827 by L.B. Seeley & Sons Margaret McDonald, a 15 year old Scottish girl, and member of Edward Irving’s congregation, had visions in early 1830 that included a Secret Rapture of believers before the appearance of the Antichrist. She informed Irving of her visions by letter. Irving then attended the prophecy conferences that began in Dublin Ireland in 1830 at Powerscourt Castle, where he promotedbothFuturism and a Secret Rapture.
Samuel Roffey Maitland(1792-1866), scholar and librarian to the Archbishop of Canterbury, further promoted and established Futurism in England after 1826, as a result of reading the work of Manuel De Lacunza. He concluded that the 3 1/2 times, 42 months, and 1260 days of Daniel and Revelation were all intended to be a literal 3 1/2 years, not 1260 years.
Cyrus Ingerson Scofield(1843-1921), greatly influenced by the writings of J. N. Darby, incorporated Futurism in the notes of hisScofield Reference Bible.
Because of the Schofield bible and writings of the above seminaries and ministries have wholly abandoned the historical Protestant and biblical teaching that the Roman Catholic Church is the apostate church, the harlot of Revelation, with the Antichrist papacy at its head, and instead serve to screen the papal Antichrist power from being perceived by their students or viewers. They are accurately described asfalseprophets! Today most Apostolic Pentecostals have never heard of the doctrine of Historicism and when spoke to regarding the subject will quickly oppose those that beleivethese views. Today I want to reveal some of the teachings of Historicism. Understand that not all has been fulfilled.
Through the use of a relatively unknown method of interpretation, during the course of a verse-by-verse analysis, it will be demonstrated that the Apocalypse is in fact a History book, written in symbolic language, and dealing with that part of History that was still future when the book was written. Here are the Revelations that were given to us almost two thousand years ago:
This study demonstrates that AD History can be found encoded in the prophetic verses of Revelation.

Most people view the Apocalypse of John as a prophecy about some terrifying events that will take place sometime in the future. The present study intends to show that this view is not correct. Through the use of a relatively unknown method of interpretation, during the course of a verse-by-verse analysis, it will be demonstrated that the Apocalypse is in fact a History book, written in symbolic language, and dealing with that part of History that was still future when the book was written. Here are the Revelations that were given to us almost two thousand years ago:

Chapter 1 is an introduction to the book, showing Christ presenting Himself to John.
Chapters 2 and 3: An overview of Church History (The Seven Churches)
Chapters 4 and 5 set the stage for what is about to follow.
Chapter 6: The Roman Empire in decline (The Seven Seals and the Four Horsemen)
Chapter 7: The spread of Christianity (The 144,000 chosen ones)
Chapter 8: Fall of the Western Roman Empire (The first four Trumpets)
Chapter 9: The rise of Islam; fall of the Byzantine Empire (Fifth and sixth Trumpet)
Chapter 10: The Protestant Reformation (The Angel with the Little Book)
Chapter 11: The French Revolution (The death and resurrection of the Two Witnesses)
Chapter 12: The Christian Persecutions (The Woman and the Dragon)
Chapter 13: The 1260 years of Papal dominance (The two Beasts and the number 666)
Chapters 14 and 15 prepare us for the description of the events of chapter 16.
Chapter 16: Events of the last 200 years: (The Seven Vials)
The gradual diminution of Papal temporal power (The first five Vials)
The return of the Jews to Palestine (Sixth Vial)
Fascism and Nazism (Unclean spirits like frogs)
World War II and the Jewish Holocaust
Events still future (The Battle of Armageddon) (Seventh Vial)
Chapter 17: The Napoleonic Era (The woman Babylon and the scarlet Beast)
Chapter 18 “laments” the punishment of Babylon, the false Church, while chapter 19 recapitulates what has happened so far, after having celebrated the arrival of the true Church, or Bride of Christ. The latter, also named New Jerusalem, is described in detail in chapters 21 and 22, while chapter 20 probably refers to a distant future attack against this glorious City, a thousand years after her arrival.
Summary and Conclusions: If you are in a hurry, then this is the link for you!

READ MORE   :   http://actchurch.com/horsemen-of-the-apocalypse/

The Conspiracy of the Antechrist

Following is taken from my Conspiracy book by George C Duke

The Conspiracy of the Antechrist

1- Antichrist is both a political and religious power. Revelation 17:3, “So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.”   

2-Antichrist is to rule the world for 1260 years.

Daniel 7:25, “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.” Revelation 12:6, “And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.”

3- Antichrist is to be a blasphemous power

Revelation 13:1, And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy     

4-Antichrist receives “deadly wound” that later heals. Revelation 13:3, “And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.”

5-Antichrist is to be able to influence entire world to worship him  Revelation 13:8, “And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” 6 Antichrist controls a man who’s name will add to 666. Revelation 13:17, 18, “And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.” Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.”

7- Antichrist has a church that makes war with the saints. Daniel 7:25, “And he shall wear out the saints of the most High,” Revelation 13:7, “And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.”

8- Antichrist must be a “Christian” church that embraces the teachings of Babylon    Revelation 17:5, “And upon her forehead was a name written, mystery Babylon the great, the mother of Harlots and Abominations of the earth. 9- Antichrist, and the men he controls will not have a desire for women. Daniel 11:37, “Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.”

10- Antichrist is a “mother” church (daughters have come out of her) Revelation 17:5, “And upon her forehead was a name written, mystery Babylon the great, the mother of Harlots and Abominations of the earth

11-Antichrist presumes authority to tamper with and change God’s law. Daniel 7:25, “And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.”


12-Antichrist shall require all to receive a mark. Revelation 13:17, “And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.”

During the reign of this empire apostolic believers and those that were not Roman Catholic were put to death for not being baptized into the church. During the reign of this church when the Popes army entered a village of the Waldenes or the Albigense’s who were apostolic they killed all the fighting men and then forced the remainder of the village to take the mark of the Roman Catholic Church or they would not allow them to buy, sell, or eat until they fully accepted





Muslim Waqf: We’ll Reopen Al-Aksa Mosque if Jews Allowed on Temple Mount

On Sunday, the Waqf (Islamic authority) held an emergency meeting concerning the Temple Mount. At the meeting, the Waqf extended the ban on Muslims praying at the silver-domed Al Aqsa Mosque and the gold-domed Dome of the Rock, a Muslim shrine built on the site of the Holy of Holies of the Jewish Temples.

The Jerusalem Islamic Waqf is an Islamic religious trust controlled by Jordan that manages the Islamic sites in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Following the meeting, the Waqf threatened the Israeli government, saying that if Jews continue to tour the area surrounding the structures, they will open the gates and allow Muslims to enter en masse. This will be in direct violation of Health Ministry regulation requiring social distancing and will endanger the Palestinians who come to the site.

The Waqf declared that even though it will result from their orders, the responsibility will be on the Israeli government.


READ MORE :   https://www.breakingisraelnews.com/150203/muslim-authority-threatens-order-palestinians-self-infect-rather-than-allow-jews-temple-mount/

The Winds of Meggido are already blowing Rapture soon

by George C Duke


God spoke to me and informed me about the battle and it was then that he spoke to me about the Rapture. He said that he would not tell me the day or hour of his return for his Bride but it would be within the next ten years. When he spoke to me regarding this event, I felt his power overshadow me and tears came to my eyes as I felt his Spirit sending chills all over my body. After he spoke to me I had another voice to speak to me and tell me that if I propagated this that people would think I was out of my mind. So I did not publish it at that time nor relate it to others. But during the writing of my book Conspiracy God spoke to me again and asked me, “Why are you not telling people about what I revealed to you?” My reply was, Lord I felt that they would think I was out of my mind. It was then that I asked God to forgive me and I promised to tell it and to publish it. Later God inspired me to make another journey to the UK. I wanted to share with everyone that I could what God had revealed to me. Apparently the enemy did not want me to spread this prophecy because he used every means to hinder or to stop me from visiting the various churches. I heard all kind of excuses from the Pastors as to why they could not have me to visit their congregations. Some that I had made bookings with many months before opted out. I wept as I realized that so many of those that I brought to the Lord many years ago had decided that the things of the world mattered more to them than the man of God that had revealed to them How to become a son of God! Also during the time I was in the UK I became very ill and lost most of my strength. Each time that I spoke in the various churches I found my energy was exhausted. But in spite of this ,I was thrilled to visit churches in Cardiff, Wales, Red Lodge, Bury St. Edmunds, Oxford, and the UPC Church in Milton Keynes, England. On the last Sunday that I was there I was scheduled to speak in Cambridge but because of my exhaustion and illness, I had to cancel out much to my regret. My prayer today is that these churches that I did visit will share what God has revealed to me with others before he comes for his sons and daughters. Another message that I also spoke about was, “ 50 Reasons why the Lord is about to return.” Which I list here:

1- Instability in nature Luke 21:11

2-Increasing lawlessness and violence Mt 24:12

3-Increasing immorality  Mt 24:37

4-Materialism 2 Timothy 3:2

5-Hedonism  2 Timothy 3:4

6-Influence of Humanism 2 Timothy 3:2

7-Depraved Entertainment 2 Timothy 3:4

8-Calling Evil good and Good evil 2 Tim. 3:3

9-increasing use of drugs 2 Tim 3:3

10-Increasing blasphemy 2 Tim 3:2

11:Increasing Paganism  2 Tim 3:1-4
12-Increasing Despair  2 Tim 3:1

13-Signs in Heaven Luke 21:11 & 25

14- Increasing Knowledge Daniel 12:4

15-Increasing Travel Daniel 12:4

16-Explosion of Cults  Matthew 24:11

17-False Christ’s   Matthew 24:5

18-Apostasy in the church 2 Tim 4:3-5

19-Increasing attacks on Jesus Romans 1:18

20-Inc. attacks on the Bible  Rom 1:18

21-Inc. Persecution of Christians Matthew 24:9

22-Occultism    1 Tim  4:1

23-Wars & Rumors of wars   Matthew 24:6

24-Weapons of Mass destruction Luke 21:26

25-Increasing Famine  Luke 24:11

26-Pestilence    Luke 21:11

27-Computor Technology  Rev 13:7

28:Television   Rev 11:8-9

29-Satellite Technology  Rev 13:7

30-Virtual Reality  Rev 13:14-15

31-Unification of Europe   Daniel 2 & 7

32-Far Eastern powers   Rev 9:16 & 16:12

33-World Government  Daniel 33:7-23

34-Regathering of the Jews   Isaiah 11:10-12

35-Re-establishment of Israel   Isaiah 66:7-8

36-Reclamation of land of Israel Ezekiel 36:34

37-Revival of Biblical Hebrew  Zephaniah 3:6

38-Reoccupation of Jerusalem Zech 12:6

39-Resurgence of the Israeli Military Zech 12:6

40-Re-Focus. of World  politics on Israel Zec 12:3

41-Russian threat to Israel  Ezekiel 38 & 39

42-Arab threat to Israel  Ez. 35 & 36

43-Denial of the 2nd coming   Peter 3:3-4

44-Denial of creation by God   Romans 1:18-22-

45-Outpouring of the Holy Spirit  Joel 2:28-29

46Translation of the Bible Many languages Mt. 24:14

47-Preaching of the Gospel whole world Matt. 24:14

48-Revival of Messianic Judaism  Isaiah 40:3-5

49-Revival Davidic praise worship  Isaiah 40:3-5

50-Undering of Bible Prophecy Amos 9:11


I am sure that most of you looking at this list might think that most of these have been being fulfilled for years but there is one difference. The frequency! Jesus spoke about the frequency of these events as similar to a woman in child birth. They get stronger and more frequent at the moment of birth. For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape. Wake up smell the roses. It’s time to be ready.  Please share this with others that you know. The clock is ticking away the final seconds before the Rapture.

How many Jewish Israelis support annexation?

New survey finds that 71% of right-wing Israeli Jews, 31% of those in the center and 8% on the Left support sovereignty in Judea and Samaria, and the Jordan Valley.

A majority of Jewish Israelis (52%) support Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s plan to apply sovereignty in Judea and Samaria, according to a poll published on Sunday.

However, only 32% of Jewish Israelis actually think the government will actually annex any territory, according to the Israeli Voice Index for April carried out by the Israel Democracy Institute.

Among Jews, 71% of those on the Right support annexation of parts of Judea and Samaria, while in the center the figure is 31% and on the Left only 8%.

On security issues, the most optimistic were Jews on the right (82%), followed by the center (69%) and the Left (53%).

As to what rights the Palestinians living in the annexed areas should have, most Jews (37%) said they should not be changed while among Arabs, the most common opinion (47%) was that these Arabs should be given citizenship.

With regard to national security issues, optimism among Jews was at 75%, while among Arabs it stood at only 43%.

The survey was conducted by the Guttman Center for Public Opinion and Policy Research at the Israel Democracy Institute online and by telephone from April 30 to May 3. Of the 769 respondents, 615 were interviewed in Hebrew and 154 in Arabic.

Reprinted with permission from JNS.org.

2 minor earthquakes recorded in northern Israel

Early Monday morning, a 3.2 temblor was felt in the north of the country. No damage was reported.

Residents of northern Israel who happened to be awake before dawn on Monday might have felt a small earthquake that hit at 2:38 a.m. The quake registered 3.2 on the Richter scale.

The small temblor was followed by a smaller quake at 3:53 a.m., which registered 2.8 on the Richter magnitude scale.

Located in one of the most seismically active regions of the world, small-scale earthquakes are a common occurrence in Israel. In the past seven days, the Geological Survey of Israel has registered nine small earthquakes that ranged from 2.1 to 3.3.

None of the minor temblors resulted in any damage or injuries.



while writing the book above God spoke to me and revealed the events that would occur leading to the Rapture and the war of Armagedden. Here is the events he revealed.

I will not tell you the day nor the hour but within 10 years I will raise up the sons of God (Rapture)

The events he revealed leading up to this would be:

Trump’s reelection At the end of his term

There would be the Rise of the far left allied with the Liberals, Democrats and Muslims

Increase in Muslims in the UK and USA

The switch of the veto vote in the United Nations against Isreal by the UK and the USA

Sanctions imposed against Isreal

Isreal rejects the sanctions

The UN sends troops against Isreal leading to the war

Before the war God raptures the sons of God

Iran’s Capital Hit By Major Earthquake; Widespread Panic Reported

A 5.1 magnitude earthquake hit Iran shortly after midnight on Thursday night with its epicenter 34 miles east of the capital city Tehran. AFP reported that panicked residents rushed into the streets, abandoning buildings in fear they would collapse. Two people were killed and 55 injured in the earthquake. The earthquake was followed by eight more mild aftershocks. Many people remained outdoors in fear of another quake. The Iranian government warned people to observe social distancing despite the earthquake

Rest of the Story:  https://www.breakingisraelnews.com/149900/irans-capital-hit-by-major-earthquake-widexspread-panic-reported/?fbclid=IwAR1h1h6sPK56sNjAot7Vt9587b2ZgNns2Tm3PzU7UIZuoahhhZsff2BzkaU


US lawmakers overwhelmingly approve anti-BDS resolution


In my book Winds of Megiddo and Conspiracy Conspiracy Conspiracy I point out the many resolutions that have been made against Israel and the coming war of Armagedden. Here is another resolution to add to the collection. Read what God revealed to me in the books. You can get them on Amazon.com.

House of Representatives passes measure to oppose efforts to boycott Israel. Resolution passes by vote of 398-17, in a rare display of bipartisan unity.

The US House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved a resolution Tuesday opposing an international effort to boycott Israel, a rare bipartisan vote as Democrats try to tamp down increasingly heated political rhetoric over differences with the longtime US ally.

Democrats have been wrestling with the issue all year. Liberal lawmakers, most notably Reps. Ilhan Omar, D-Minn, and Rashida Tlaib, D-Mich, two newly elected Muslim Americans, have spoken out about the boycott, divest and sanctions movement, known as BDS, as they criticize Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. Republicans have amplified the views of the left flank to portray Democrats as deeply divided and at odds with Israel.

Ahead of voting, the bill’s chief backers warned against the stark framing as dangerous for both countries.

“This issue has been politicized in a way that I find ugly and ultimately harmful to the US-Israel relationship,” said Rep. Eliot Engel, D-NY, the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee.

The resolution passed on a vote of 398-17.

House Democrats have been eager to vote to show support for Israel and, for those lawmakers from more conservative areas, to resist having the party be defined by its most liberal members.

Omar, a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, was among the only lawmakers to voice objection when the bill was included in a package the panel approved last week.

“What are we doing to bring peace? I believe that simple question should guide every vote we take in this committee,” said the freshman lawmaker, who came to the US as a refugee from Somalia when she was a child and became a US citizen.

Omar has been outspoken against Israel, once tweeting that lawmakers were supportive of the Jewish state because they were essentially being paid to do so. It was widely considered a slur that relied on a trope against Jewish people, and she later “unequivocally” apologized.

Trump called her apology “lame” and Republicans have continued to stoke opposition to her views as part of the “squad” of liberal freshmen lawmakers. Trump stood by last week at a campaign rally as the crowd chanted about Omar, “Send her back.”

Omar, who was among a handful of Democrats who voted against the bill Tuesday, said she supports the long-held US goal of a “two-state solution.” But she said during the committee hearing last week that “truly achieving peace” means “ending this occupation.”

The House has struggled with the issue since the start of the year, after an earlier version passed the Senate.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., had introduced it as the first piece of legislation of the new Congress, and brought it forward repeatedly for votes until it ultimately passed, also with robust bipartisan support. But the Senate measure, which was part of a broader foreign policy package, stalled in the House amid concerns over First Amendment rights and the ability of Americans to protest Israel’s policies.

The resolution puts the House on record opposing the BDS movement and its efforts to target US companies that do business with Israel. The movement has grown in recent years, and Israel sees it as a threat. Supporters of Israel view it as an attempt to delegitimize the Jewish state.

“We must reject the blatant anti-Semitics injected throughout BDS,” said Rep. Lee Zeldin, R-NY, a sponsor of the measure.

To win over those in the House who had panned the Senate effort, the resolution beefed up First Amendment protections over the boycott. While the Senate bill affirmed the legal authority of state and local governments to restrict contracts or take other actions against entities that boycott Israel, the House bill affirms the constitutional right of Americans to engage in “free speech, including the right to protest or criticize the policies of the United States or foreign governments.”

US lawmakers overwhelmingly approve anti-BDS resolution